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Opportunities to implement sustainable strategies in the maritime sector

Maritime transport and ports are essential components of international trade and goods handling. A global approach for further improvements in energy efficiency and emission reduction is required as sea transport is predicted to continue to grow significantly in line with world trade.

Location: Croatia, Albania, Slovenia, Montenegro, Ukraine, Rumania, Bulgaria, Poland.

Client: European Bank for Reconstruction and Development

Cost of total Works: 60,000.00 €

Services: Feasibility study

Period: 07/2012 – 03/2013

The study consists of a market review about the current status and prospects of the sustainable strategies in the maritime sector in order to provide recommendations to the European Bank for Reconstruction and Development with regard to its strategy for investing in the sector in the next few years.


The project has involved the performance of the following activities:

  • Collection of national and international requirements related to the sustainability in the maritime sector, considering legal requirements, international codes and associations (such as European Sea Ports Association).
  • Collection and analysis of good practices already implemented in ports worldwide, with respect to energy consumption, climate change, waste management, air pollution, water pollution, etc.
  • Review of the actual conditions in targeted ports within three main areas: Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Adriatic Sea and analysis of the main development trends.
  • Benchmark analysis of the situation of the ports with respect to transport flows, current organization and management development opportunities.
  • Detailed analysis of two ports: Ilyichevsk and Odessa as case studies.
  • Identification of opportunities for investing in sustainable practices in the targeted ports considering cost, benefits, expected paybacks, current applications, etc. of the most promising sustainable practices.
  • Definition of an action plan for the practical implementation by the Bank of the proposed investment opportunities.


The actual services provided include the development of the above-mentioned activities with respect to the following topics:

  • Waste water collection, storage and treatment;
  • Storm water collection and treatment;
  • Ballast water management;
  • Dredging operations and management of contaminated and non contaminated sediments;
  • Use of mitigation measures within port expansion schemes;
  • Dust control in open storage areas;
  • Drydocks operations to avoid spills and uncontrolled release of waste water;
  • Climate change adaptation measures implemented by the ports.