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Hydropower Plant of Arcé (Italy)
New HydroPower Plant on the River Adige right Bank, at the Bridge Linking the Bussolengo and Arcè Villages
Location: Italy, Province of Verona
Client: Region of Veneto
Cost of total Works: € 17,762,559
Period: 2013 - on going
The project foresees to carry out a run-of-the-river hydro-electric plant along the Adige river section between Santa Lucia and Arcè di Pescantina (Verona); the Municipalities which are concerned more or less directly by the works are Pescantina and Bussolengo.
The plant has been designed to have a very low environmental impact, as it immediately returns waters downstream and it exploits just a part of them whereas the outstanding part keeps on flowing freely.
In addition to the works concerning the hydro-electric plant, the project foresees the requalification and strengthening of the bridge called “Arcè di Pescantina bridge” on the Adige river. It allows the road link on municipal road between Arcè, in the Pescantina Municipality, and Bussolengo.
- a lock with 5 flap gates on the bottom, at the Adige river talweg level, for the purpose of supporting the river level and creating the hydroelectric leap;
- a new bridge supported by 7 new piles in riverbed with deck made up of prefabriceated beams each with a 18.00 m span and a prefabricated beam with 20.50 m span;
- a fish ladder on the left bank;
- a canoes slide on the left bank;
- a completely underground hydro-electric plant on the right bank, in the Bussolengo Municipality, with intake upstream of the bridge and outlet immediately downstream;
- road link on the Bussolengo side and access road to the plant area;
- small works of road adaptation and link on the Pescantina side.
The hydro-electric plant will be placed in an uncultivated area along the river on the right bank. The river hydraulic flows intake will be just upstream of the river and the flows outlet will be just downstream.
All the hydraulic works related to the plant will be underground and at the same level as the river talweg which is far below ground level.
The plant emerging works are just some acces works containing the screen remover to clean the intake grids and the equipment delivering the energy produced.
The hydro-electric plant will produce about 3 MW power for an annual total of about 21.2 GWh; the produced energy introduction into the grid will take place on site where there is already a medium voltage line.
The lock is made up of five spans, each is 16.5 m wide and they are regulated by as many flap gates, with a water retention level of 79.95 m above sea level, i.e. 5 cm less than the higher free surface (80.00 m above sea level.).
Taking into account the dimensions of the lock piles, each of which is 1.5 m, the lock total width is 95.6 m; in addition to such width 15 m length below the first left bridge span is to be added. Such 15 m length is left free for the public equipped area . The flap gates movement is controlled and regulated by an hydraulic mechanism which triggers the two cylinders at the end of each gate. The cylinders are placed at the back of the gates and they are embedded in the riverbed piles in order to avoid damaging the devices during extraordinary floods. The maximum grade of operating gates is 60° horizontally. The hydraulic plant pipes are placed in a water-tight inspection shaft which can be controlled (H400 x L500 mm). It is closed by ballasted sheets or concrete slabs and it is placed downstream of the gates. Guide rails have been set upstream and downstream of the gates to close the span by means of mobile boards if it is not possible to carry out otherwise the extraordinary maintenance operations on the mechanical devices. The project foresees to carry out under the lock following its length an accessible inspection shaft where there are the hydraulic and electric systems pipes.